The Coast of Western Africa


In March/April we experienced an epic voyage along the entire western coast of Africa aboard Lindblad Expeditions’ flagship, the National Geographic Explorer. We visited 17 different countries — though the status of Western Sahara remains in dispute, with Morocco currently controlling that coastal region — maybe it’s only 16. Nevertheless, it was an expansive journey allowing us to visit many fascinating and unusual places. Some countries, like Angola, Liberia and Sierra Leone, have only recently stabilized after years of internal war, while others have remained peaceful havens seldom visited by foreigners. Through it all, our most charming memories were woven together by countless welcoming smiles, exuberant children, and concerts by regional performers playing beguiling music. Here are condensed versions of some favorite memories:


Sand sifts into abandoned rooms
in Kolmanskop, Namibia.

South Africa: We spent several days with friends watching penguins at Boulders Beach before joining the ship in Cape Town. Our final “Bon Voyage” event was an energizing concert performed by “Freshlyground,” one of South Africa’s top bands, at an outdoor amphitheater on Cape Town’s waterfront. A hot beaming sun, and pulsing African rhythms sent us on our way.

Namibia: Although we’ve been to Namibia numerous times, this was our first visit to the southern port town of Luderitz. In the nearby ghost town of Kolmanskop, we marveled at the desert sands sweeping into the rooms of the old abandoned buildings. [Read Jack’s Daily Expedition Report from Namibia.]

Flying fish in waters off Angola, Africa.

Flying fish off coast of Angola.

Angola: The chilly waters of the Benguela Current turned warmer as we sailed northward, encountering scads of flying fish and a rousing throng of hundreds of Clymene dolphins along the way. In the Angolan town of that same name, Benguela, we boarded an historic railway, the “Caminho de Ferro de Benguela” built in 1903-29 and now restored for passenger travel, riding back to the port town of Lobito where our ship was docked.  [Read Rikki’s Daily Expedition Report from Angola.]

Republic of the Congo: The eroded clay hills of Diosso Gorge reach like pink clay hands into lush green forests; a strangely beautiful tropical “Badlands.” During the evening at the steamy port town of Pointe Noire we ventured ashore to see a “Tradimoderne” musical stage performance by the local troupe “Lelu Lelu.” [Read our Daily Expedition Report from Congo.]

Equator Crossing: A festive, yet bizarre, event at sea for those land-lubbers who had never crossed the equator by ship. They faced the eccentric jurisdictions of ruling King Neptune, his queen, and their nefarious gang of pirates, courters, chamberlains, and medical technicians. Be Ye Warned!

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Selling chiles, Sao Tome Island.

São Tomé & Príncipe: This small nation is a tropical paradise consisting of two lush volcanic islands rising from the warm waters of the Gulf of Guinea. São Tomé, the larger of the two, is a green and mountainous island with many rural homes surrounded by fruiting and flowering tropical trees. Coffee and cacao (chocolate) are both produced here. Along the sleepy town’s waterfront, fishing canoes line the shores where children frolic in the balmy sea.

The southern end of Príncipe Island has precipitously steep mountains that look as if they were imported from the South Pacific. We spent a leisurely day at a quiet beach resort on the northern end of the island, enjoying the swaying palm trees and lapping waters of the sea.

Bagyeli boy at village visit outside of Kribi, Cameroon, AFRICA, 2012

Boy of the Bagyeli forest people watches visitors to his camp in Cameroon.

Cameroon: We had one of the most unusual outings of our entire voyage when we journeyed up the Lobe River by wooden dugout pirogues to a clearing in the forest where we met with a group of the Bagyeli, a forest people often referred to as Pygmies. Smoke rose from behind thatched huts, adding a mystical ambiance to their music and flailing dancers. Singing vocals were backed by the driving rhythms of their drums and percussionists beating rapidly and rhythmically on two long trunks of bamboo. [Read our Daily Expedition Report from this outing in Cameroon, as well as a video of the Bagyeli drumming and dancing with narration by our shipmate, National Geographic Global Luminary, Wade Davis.]

Woman and child in dugout canoe, Ganvie Village, Benin. [NO MODEL RELEASE]

Dugout canoe crossing Lake Nokoué near Ganvie, Benin.

Benin: The stilt village of Ganvie rises above the waters of Lake Nokoué just north of Benin’s busy capital. Dugout canoes and wooden pirogues ply  the waters around and through the village in a bustle of activity of people fishing or selling housewares. It was a colorful and vibrant scene.


School children welcome visitors at Akato Viepe village, Togo.

Togo: The Fetish Market abounds with strange and macabre items used in the makings of Vodun (Voodoo) talismans, called fetishes. Some of us found our way into rooms behind the stalls where we were offered an unusual collection of fetishes to protect us during our travels. At the village of Akato Viepe, excited school children gathered around us. The teachers worked to maintain a sense of order, but the children’s glee continued spilling over their cheerful faces. The village had an enormous welcome ceremony for our group, with singing, drumming and great fanfare surrounding the procession of their local chief. That evening, one of the most famous Togolese musicians, King Mensah, and his band played a private concert for us on the ship.


Entering the darkness of the slave dungeons at Cape Coast, Ghana.

Ghana: The historic theme of slavery was discussed in many presentations on the ship throughout this voyage, but without doubt the most powerful testimony came silently from the darkened rock enclosures of the former slave dungeons that we visited at Cape Coast Castle. It was haunting.

Children in classroom at Obaa's School, Monrovia, Liberia. [NO MODEL RELEASE]

Enthusiastic children at Obaa’s School, Monrovia, Liberia.

Liberia: Being the first tour ship landing in Liberia, this was an historic visit for Lindblad and National Geographic. But memories are a funny thing, sometimes you most recall the things that might be better forgotten. So it was with Liberia, a country torn by war. There are many nice things we remember, but they don’t jump out in our minds as strongly as these two awkward recollections: 1) The blown out remains of the former luxury Duccor Hotel on the prominent hill overlooking the port and city of Monrovia. 2) Rikki’s blown out shoulder rotator cuff from a fall en route to hear the Vice President speaking in the ship’s lounge. (She worked the remaining 12 days of this trip, and ultimately had it surgically repaired weeks later.) Apparently the Togo traveler’s fetishes didn’t work!

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Welcome to Sierra Leone!

Sierra Leone: The vibrant streets of Freetown offered a mesmerizing show for us as our bus struggled for an hour through the gnarled traffic of crowded downtown. It was an unexpected blessing as we were surrounded by color, movement, and friendly greetings wherever we waved. For a country that has recently suffered through years of war and hardship, it was very encouraging to see so much enterprise and vitality.

In the balmy air on deck after dinner we were treated to a live concert by the famous Sierra Leone’s Refugee All Stars band. The music lilted out across the pier below, where the night-shift workmen were joyfully dancing too.

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Adding woodblock patterns to fabric in The Gambia.

The Gambia: We experienced two intriguing and contrasting views in this tiny country. There was the dazzling scene as we walked through a large and busy local market in Serekunda teeming with vendors selling myriad things. The antithesis was strolling leisurely through peaceful woodlands in the nearby Abuko Nature Reserve where birds and monkeys moved tranquilly through the trees.

Exuberant children posing for photos, Goree Island, Senegal. [NO MODEL RELEASE]

Exuberant children posing for Rikki on Goree Island, Senegal.

Senegal: A short boat ride from the port in Dakar took us to nearby Gorée Island, rich in history, and abounding in vivid scenes. Colorful colonial buildings line networks of narrow alleys where goats amble and children play.

We traveled for more days at sea, encountering seabirds, dolphins, and the best views ever of numerous sei whales. (The name “sei” is an old Norse word for pollock fish that were abundant when these whales were sighted.)

Western Sahara: There are no tour busses here, and few people who speak English, so the local agent hired 50 local men with SUVs to caravan us into the desert for a special tented lunch. After visiting so many crowded cities, the sweeping winds across the empty expanses of the Sahara felt like a giant exhalation.


Sand blowing across vast stretches of desert in the Western Sahara.


In the Sahara:
Our driver spoke no English,
so we didn’t learn his name. We think he snuck aboard the ship…

Tenerife, Canary Islands: Who dropped us into Europe? What happened to all of the street vendors, and why is no one carrying anything on their head?

Morocco: We ended our epic voyage, and drove by smooth paved highway to the famed city of Marrakesh. The dizzying liveliness of the enormous, traditional Berber Market, or “Souk,” was captivating, but it was also . . . time to go home.

We’ve tried to whittle-down this long and amazing adventure into a single blog entry, which, however, still ended up being epically long. To see a more of our favorite images, scroll down to the slide show below.


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Photo Safari: East Africa 2012

Migrating herds of wildebeest and zebra in the glow of sunrise in the Serengeti.

We’ve been to Africa twice since we last wrote a blog update, and these two adventures were entirely different.

Dawn greeting at Giraffe Manor.

To stick with chronology, our first trip of the year was our annual East Africa Photo Safari which was splendid as always. Prior to beginning our safari, gracious friends treated us to a memorable night’s stay at the Giraffe Manor on the outskirts of Nairobi. The old manor buildings, built in the 1930’s, reside within a sanctuary protecting a herd of endangered Rothschild giraffes. The adjacent Giraffe Center manages an ongoing breeding program that has been successfully reintroducing this rare subspecies back into the wild. Staying at the manor, meals are regularly interrupted by enormous giraffe heads popping in the window to greet visitors. Our stay there was an extraordinary and memorable experience that felt a bit like a fairy tale.

Elephants crossing the Uaso Nyiro River in Samburu.

Our safari began in an unusual fashion. Typically we find lions and cheetahs, and then have to search hard to find a leopard, the stealthiest of Africa’s big cats. This year, everyone’s first cat sighting was of a big male leopard in Samburu. We then had several sightings of this gorgeous feline, before finding any of its brethren. There were many elephants around the Samburu area coming regularly to drink and bathe in the river. This year on safari we again had many wonderful encounters with young animals. In Samburu, we sighted an elephant calf that was likely only about one day old. Its ears were still wrinkled from being folded in the womb, and its attendant mother had to occasionally use her trunk to help the little feller back up on its feet.

People often ask, “How close is the wildlife?”

At Lake Nakuru, we found numerous endangered white rhinos, one with a young, yet stout-looking, calf. The Masai Mara was green with grass, and full of life. We encountered great herds of zebras drinking at waterholes, elephants in the marshes, buffalo, topi and gazelles aplenty. As always, we had fantastic views of the famous lions of the Marsh Pride.

The one that got away; a lucky topi (antelope in background) makes its escape.

At Little Governors Camp in the Mara, our meals were regularly interrupted by bull elephants that wandered into camp to shake fruits from the marula trees by the dining tent. Brrrrr-ump-bbbump-bump-bump, the small, round fruits came tumbling to the ground around the elephants standing by the open tent as they methodically plucked up fruits one-by-one with their trunks until satiated. The camp guards kept everyone settled quietly where we were until the elephants moved away. Often we were seated only a few yards from four mighty legs and the supple searching trunk.

Serengeti commuter traffic.

From the Mara, we flew into the Serengeti in Tanzania where we encountered the great migration of wildebeest and zebras moving northwestward into the Seronera region. Every game drive from our lodge brought us into the vast herds. Thousands of zebras clogged the road, and herds of wildebeest alternately ambled or ran across the plains in seemingly endless long lines. These great herds are constantly on the move, always searching for fresh grass to graze. As a result, each year we encounter them in different areas of the southern Serengeti. This year they found lush grazing in the plains right near our lodge in the Seronera area, and we were rewarded with astounding and ever changing views day after day.

Mother cheetah and cub resting beside our group’s safari vehicle.

Four furry cheetah cubs on top of mom.

We continued on to the Lake Ndutu region. En route, we had a mother cheetah and her young cub feeding on a recently killed gazelle. Once full, the two cats then sought shade beside and even underneath our safari vehicles as they digested their meal. (All of these African animals have grown up in the presence of safari vehicles, and either ignore the vehicles or use them to their advantage). At Lake Ndutu, we had more excellent sightings of cheetahs as a coalition of three brothers patiently stalked game on the open plains. We were fortunate to also find a mother cheetah with four absolutely adorable cubs.

The bigger show near Ndutu was the large pride of lions residing around the big marsh. This pride has numerous grown females, a large male, and a gaggle of cubs ranging from just a few months to almost grown who were often playing and wrestling with each other.

East Africa Feather-Weight Championship.

CAUTION: Objects in the rear view mirror are closer than they appear…

One morning, a hapless hippo strolled into the area, and the adult females closed in for an attack, but they then backed off as the hippo displayed its massive teeth. The lions settled back down in the shade to wait for less challenging prey.

Our final destination was the famous Ngorongoro Crater. Although it’s an extremely popular place for tourists, it’s also very popular with lots of animals, and there’s always plenty to see and to photograph. Continuing on our young animal theme, we watched a female wildebeest give birth to a calf. Within moments of being born the wet calf was up and teetering on its wobbly legs, before doing unintended head tumbles back onto the ground, then struggling back up again. As it tried to get to its mother’s udders, she walked around it, forcing the little calf to walk on its newfound legs. By the time it was 14 minutes old (we timed it), the mother and calf went running off to rejoin the herd.

Still wet behind the ears at 14 minutes old.

A couple of minutes later, a spotted hyena wandered over to where the calf had been born. The luck of being born before the hyena showed up, and the ability to begin running soon after birth made the difference in this little calf’s survival. During our day in the crater, we watched other young calves being chased by hungry hyenas. Each one managed to get away. One calf was saved at the last instant by its mother charging the hyena just before it caught the sprinting calf. Phew!

Something to smile about.

Africa is full of such drama, beauty, and strange miracles. It is the ultimate wildlife documentary that remains unedited as we watch its wonders unfold. Not all of the endings are happy ones like these, but the experiences are so often profound and enriching in our lives.

[Click here for the East Africa Photo Safari itinerary for 2013.]

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Returning Home & Schedule Updates

We finally have an extended stay at home after many busy months and lots of travel.
Our trips abroad interspersed with slices of time at home form a colorful patchwork quilt all stitched together by hours of packing and unpacking, laundry loads and TSA lines. During the past six months we’ve had the great fortune of visiting 19 different countries outside of the U.S., all in Africa except one. Yes, we’re a bit exhausted. And also exhilarated from all of the magical experiences we’ve enjoyed.

We’re grateful to now have a long break at home until our next African Photo Safaris in August. There is a lot to accomplish here at home, but the days are getting longer, and Seattle’s fickle weather keeps loaning us the sun for more days at a time.

We’ve now posted an updated version of our 2012-2013 Schedule highlighting our upcoming Lindblad | National Geographic Photo Expeditions and Photo Safaris that we’ll be leading this year and next. This year, for us, continues to be a year of visiting predominantly warm destinations; always pleasant and much easier packing, of course. Next year, in addition to taking groups to our favorite safari destinations in East Africa and Southern Africa, we’re very much looking forward to returning to Baja California, followed by itineraries along Alaska’s stunning Inside Passage. A highlight of next year will be again visiting Papua New Guinea, this time aboard the Oceanic Discoverer, and venturing once again into the wild highlands of PNG to visit the remote Huli tribe. We visited this region with Lindblad in 2006, and it remains one of the most memorable and unusual voyages of many years. Here’s a small taste of what we experienced then, and why we’re looking forward so much to returning to Papua New Guinea . . .

The warmth of the tropical islands . . .

The incredible underwater world . . .

The astounding Huli tribe in the wilds of the highlands . . .






In the weeks ahead, we’ll look forward to sharing some photos and stories from our recent African adventures.

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Returning to Galapagos

A very sandy sea lion pup at Gardner Bay.

We always love returning to the Galapagos Islands. It’s a place that never fails to amaze first time visitors, and it continues to inspire us year after year (this was our 12th year of Photo Expeditions there). As a photo destination, Galapagos always delivers with starkly interesting and beautiful lava landscapes, a fantastic array of wildlife so close that anyone with any kind of camera can capture wonderful photos, and with the pleasures of the astounding undersea world. There are not many places in the world where you can take photos of penguins while snorkeling.

The Galapagos are great any time of year, with most of the wildlife species present in the islands year round. Nonetheless, there are definite highlights in certain seasons. In addition to seeing the resident birds, land and marine iguanas, we particularly enjoy visiting the islands in November and December to photograph giant tortoises in the lush green vegetation of the highlands on Isla Santa Cruz . It’s also a time when there are oodles of new sea lion pups – terminally cute!

Here in the Pacific Northwest when we think of crab, we usually think of delicious, freshly cooked Dungeness crabs. In the Galapagos, however, the best crabs are only for looking at. And those are the dazzling Sally lightfoot crabs that always make intriguing photo subjects. Against the black lava rocks, hiding in a crevice, or adorning a wave-washed shoreline, they add a brilliant spark to photos.

Sally lightfoot crabs dot a wave-washed shore on Isla Santiago.

Clockwise: swallow-tailed gull, red-footed booby, reb-billed tropicbird, magnificent frigatebird.

Pelicans crowding the local fish market.

One of the unexpected pleasures each week is pausing at the local fish market by the docks in Puerto Ayora. As the purveyors clean and sell fresh fish hauled from the local boats, a throng of avid brown pelicans follow their every move waiting for scraps to snag. At times there’s also a resident sea lion waiting patiently at the fish cleaner’s heels, or even standing beside him like a friendly pet dog. Only in Galapagos!

The Galapagos seems to always find ways to surprise us, even after many years of visiting the same areas. A peaceful morning on Isla Fernandina became charged with action for Rikki’s group as they watched a scene unfolding with pelicans, a great blue heron, and a gang of sea lions in a large but shallow tidal pool. As Rikki describes it, “The young sea lions were playfully chasing each other and the pelicans (it must have been driving the pelicans nuts). The heron was quietly fishing off to the side. It snagged a fish but suddenly a pelican flew by and snatched it away, right out of its beak. Then the sea lions joined in chasing fish, but now the pelicans were chasing the sea lions trying to steal their catch. One sea lion chased its fish right up onto the rocks in front of us but the heron promptly stole it away. This particular sea lion was quite determined and went after another fish, deftly eluding the pelican in chase, and wound up at my feet with its prize. Hard work for one fish.”

In November and December the water here is cooler, green and rich with nutrients. We have frequent opportunities for snorkeling, and it’s common to see sea turtles, sea lions, and Galapagos penguins in the water with us. Always a highlight is the opportunity to see and photograph sea lions while snorkeling. They are extremely fast and graceful, playful but elusive. We never tire of trying to capture them with stills or video.

You can see more underwater photos from the Galapagos, as well as find our underwater shooting tips with examples of the magic of optimizing underwater photos on our latest PHOTO TIP: Getting Started with Underwater Photography.

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Voyaging South Through the Inside Passage

Humpback whale sounding in Stephens Passage beneath the ragged peaks of the Coast Range.

Just as we thought we were getting caught up on our blog entries, off we went on another adventure. So it’s time to work on wrapping up 2011, getting ready for an exciting new year.

As the summer sun began to wane in Seattle, we ventured northward once again to join the National Geographic Sea Lion on her yearly voyage south from Alaska. This is a trip we’ve done many times along the gorgeous Inside Passage from Sitka, Alaska, through British Columbia on down to Seattle. This itinerary is always full of beauty and variety, with the changing weather adding its own improvisations to the mix.

In early September, we typically find salmon still running in the streams on Chichigof Island, a great place to look for bears. At Pavlov Harbor, we waited patiently with a small and dedicated group of photo-graphers by the tumbling river below the falls. Sprinkling rains came and went as the tide slowly rose beside us. Even-tually our patience paid off as a large, coastal brown bear came out of the woods a short distance upstream. The bear waded out into the river, snagging fish for an afternoon meal.

Southeast Alaska is rainforest country, and we encountered a fair bit of rain during the first few days of this voyage. The stormy clouds cracked open in dramatic fashion during our full day in Glacier Bay National Park, giving us rays of sun spot-lighting the mountainous landscapes, then rainbows over icy fjords and glaciers. The first glimpses of autumn were colorful daubs of yellow cottonwood trees accenting the land.

Continuing southward from Juneau, we encountered large numbers of humpback whales in Stephens Passage, three diving right under the ship. Then came a large group of killer whales moving northward, with the peaks of Admiralty Island as a backdrop beneath the late afternoon sun.

Misty Fjords National Monument was decked out in her finest gossamer veils of clouds draping the spiky forests and steep fjord walls. The clouds transformed the landscape, trailing the forests with thin pale wisps in places, and thicker opaque strokes reaching into dark valleys.

Sailing southward in British Columbia, the northern lights swept green in pulses across the night sky behind us. Dawn in the secluded waters of Aaltanash Inlet was stunning, with slowly swirling fog drifting amid beaming sunshine, creating one of the most memorable days of the voyage.

Our grand finale came in Johnstone Strait where we had wonderful views of a resident pod of killer whales swimming past our ship on a calm and sunny afternoon. As grand finales should, it just kept getting better as we then encountered an enormous group of Pacific white-sided dolphins moving up the middle of the strait. There were many hundreds of animals all together, surging in small gangs in our stern wake, others leaping skyward ahead of us time and again. Our many years of practice photographing dolphins in Baja California paid off, as these “Lags,” (as we affectionately call them for their Latin name: Lagenorhynchus obliquidens), played as perfect subjects.

The final good thing about this particular itinerary is our quick commute home from the pier in Seattle.

In Southeast Alaska, one often encounters “moody” weather which can occasionally make for very memorable photos. We were pelted with rain in the town of Petersburg — really yucky!, but by the time our ship began leaving the harbor the rain had let up, leaving low clouds wrapping the edges of town. Many people disappeared into the ship to dry off, get a hot drink, and likely missed some very brief but exquisite scenery at ships and piers appeared and disappeared in the gauzy fog.

Click on this link to our Photo Tips pages for more in-depth information on Optimizing Foggy Scenes.

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Catching Up: August in Southern Africa

Fabulously colorful lilac-breasted roller in flight. ©Rikki Swenson

In August, we headed back to Africa to lead a Lindblad/Bushtracks Southern Wing Safari traveling to Victoria Falls in Zimbabwe and on to three safari areas in Bostwana. As we settled into our airplane seats, Jack asked me if there was something special I was really hoping to see this safari. I hardly paused before saying, “Leopard cubs. I’ve never really seen more than a glimpse of leopard cubs.”

Before our safari began, we did a reconnaissance trip to a couple camps in Zimbabwe to learn more about these areas, and what the Zim safari experience has to offer our guests. We spent four nights at two camps in Hwange National Park: Davison’s Camp and Little Makalolo. [Everything went smoothly, the wildlife was good, but as we plan for 2013, we’re going to continue putting the emphasis on the private reserves and concessions in Botswana and S. Africa where we have a bit more flexibility, and we know the photo opportunities are fantastic.]

Elephant herd heading to water (Sepia tone). ©Jack Swenson

The absolute highlight in Zimbabwe was a woodpile hide (a blind) on the edge of a large waterhole at Little Makalolo. It was obvious this waterhole attracts lots of elephants as evidenced by the tons of scat on the ground. As we headed out on a game drive that first afternoon, with the sun’s rays growing golden in the sky, we could see long lines of elephants coming in to drink at the waterhole. We instantly knew that was where we wanted to be. We spent the next afternoon in the hide, and it was marvelous! The cozy 4-seat hide is made up of a strong metal frame with large tree trunks piled around the sides to prevent the ele’s from getting too close. Of course it’s relatively wide open, offering easy access if a lion came along, but our guide brought a rifle, so we felt comfy.

Intimate view of elephant life from the waterhole hide. ©Jack Swenson

We watched with delight as hundreds of elephants came and went from the waterhole over a couple hour’s time. There were big males, protective mamas, and little youngsters, plus every size in between. Every so often, an elephant would come over to the hide to inspect, glare down and show us who was boss with head shaking and ears flapping. Of course the most fun was watching the littlest ele’s as they romped through the water, splashing about, trying to figure out how to use their trunks. One ele was having so much fun flopping down in the water, goofing around, and was always underfoot of these massive adults (though no one gets stepped on). Just as we thought it couldn’t get any better, our guide offered us sundowner cocktails and snacks as we watched the waterhole show. The light was gorgeous and it was an absolutely magical experience.

We flew back to Victoria Falls to meet our safari group, a really super gang of travelers, and spent the next two days at, and around, the Falls. We had a wonderful afternoon cruise aboard a pontoon boat on the Zambezi River exploring the islands and shorelines above the Falls. Everyone had great views of the safari’s first elephants and hippos along with a stunning sunset. From Vic Falls we headed west to Botswana and Chobe National Park.

Elephants emerge from the Chobe River as we watch from our pontoon boats. ©Rikki Swenson

Elephant "snorkeling" across the Chobe River. ©Jack Swenson

Chobe is renown for its massive population of elephants. The highlight of every visit there is spending time by boat on the Chobe River in the late afternoon watching big family groups of elephants coming down to the river to drink, bathe, and sometime swim over to graze on the lush islands that dot the river. The biggest ele’s can easily cross the deep water, but the little ones definitely have to swim, using their trunks as snorkels as they make their way across.

Small, but dazzling malachite kingfisher. ©Jack Swenson

All this was tremendous to see and photograph, and there were also hippos, crocodiles, and awesome birds including the dazzling malachite kingfishers adding to the variety. This time on the water is what we think is best about Chobe, and are look forward to returning next year on our special Botswana & S. Africa Photo Safari.

To read more and  find out whether Rikki got to see her leopard cubs, see a gallery of images from this safari, and photo tips for shooting wildlife in low light…

click here to read more

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Catching Up: Norway and the High Arctic

Polar bear surveys its icy domain, Arctic Ocean. ©Rikki Swenson

In late May we flew east to Bergen, Norway, where we joined the National Geographic Explorer for three voyages over 28 days. This was Rikki’s first voyage on the “North Cape” itinerary along the coastal fjords of Norway, to Bear Island, and on to arctic Svalbard. It was a great voyage, visiting many stunning and unusual locations. Jack had done this voyage several times, many years ago, and was delighted by the various new places that the ship now visits, including some wild and little-known fjords. Svalbard also holds a special place in our hearts, as its where we exchanged marriage vows 14 years ago this summer.

Winter's fast ice breaking up in Hornsund, Svalbard. ©Jack Swenson

Once we were up north “in the ice,” we had excellent luck finding polar bears, thanks to the diligent eyes on the bridge constantly scanning the ice. The “old eyes” prevailed, with Jack spotting the first bear every voyage, and many thereafter. [Rikki had been cautioning him about all the staff with younger, expert eyes, so he was very cool when she asked him about the first bear, “Who spotted it?” His reply, “The old eyes.”]

The "old eyes" Jack at 80º North. ©Rikki Swenson

It was early season, and there was still a lot of shore fast ice in the bays and fjords of Svalbard, which meant there was plenty of prime polar bear habitat to scan endlessly with binoculars and spotting scopes. As a result, we found lots of bears. Each of these three voyages had their share of superb bear sightings. We had close up views of a sow with two adorable cubs, and bears with freshly killed seals on the ice. One of the most amazing sightings was our final bear which we found north of the remote Nordaustlandet in the pack ice. We spent several hours watching this lone bear stalking seals. It would wander across broad expanses of drifting ice, searching for seals lying on the ice beside their breathing holes (which also serve as their escape route back into the water). On several occasions the bear found open places in a large floe,

Notches on the ship's bridge for each polar bear sighting. (Some were eating dinner...)

and then proceeded to sneak closer to its prey by submerging and swimming underneath the ice floe. It’s head would then reappear closer to the seal, coming up through soft spots in the ice like the periscope of a submarine, looking around and getting bearings on its prey, then swimming farther under the ice. We all marveled at the bear’s ingenuity, fortitude, and patience as seal after seal kept managing to evade these incredibly stealthy approaches.

Fin whale rising in still waters off west Spitsbergen. ©Rikki Swenson

Sagging Soviet era buildings in Barentsburg. ©Jack Swenson

Our departing charter flight was scheduled late in the day allowing us an extra morning for an unusual outing; a visit to the Russian coal mining town of Barentsburg. This is a place that few westerners ever get to see, and it felt like a time warp transporting us back to the era of the Soviet Union. An occasional coal-laden truck rumbled past us on the streets as we marveled at the strange sights.

Many of the scenic views on this itinerary were too enormous to capture with a wide angle lens, which also has the effect of shrinking dramatic mountains as it fits more of them into the frame. So at times I turned to “stitching” multiple images together to create broader panoramic views. Two important tips for shooting a series of photos for stitching via computer. 1) Turn the camera and shoot the images as verticals. This allows more telephoto perspective and can give additional space for cropping at the top and bottom if the images don’t line up perfectly. 2) Shoot all images to be stitched using Manual exposure mode so that all of them are exposed exactly the same. Using automatic exposures (i.e. Auto or Scene modes, Aperture or Shutter Priority mode), the camera will likely change the exposure as the brightness of the scene changes while panning, resulting in the stitched images ultimately not matching in tone. It may be useful to take an initial exposure reading using one of the automatic exposure modes for reference in setting an accurate manual exposure for the series of shots, gauging the brightest and darkest areas of the scene in advance.

Panoramic "stitched" image of mountains in Hornsund, Svalbard. ©Jack Swenson

A few more images from these three northern voyages.

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